Egypt – Abydos & Dendera Temples

– SEPTEMBER 09, 2015

Today we have booked for a tour of two famous Egyptian temples: Abydos and Dendera.  This will be a full day trip, as it will be hours to drive to Abydos (the further of the two from Luxor) and then we will travel back with a stop in Dendera.  First up is Abydos.

Considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt, the sacred city of Abydos was the site of many ancient temples, including Umm el-Qa’ab, a royal necropolis where early pharaohs were entombed.  These tombs began to be seen as extremely significant burials and in later times it became desirable to be buried in the area, leading to the growth of the town’s importance as a cult site.

Today, Abydos is notable for the memorial temple of Seti I, which contains an inscription from the nineteenth dynasty known to the modern world as the Abydos King List. It is a chronological list showing cartouches of most dynastic pharaohs of Egypt from Menes until Seti I’s father, Ramesses I.

The Great Temple and most of the ancient town are buried under the modern buildings to the north of the Seti temple.  Many of the original structures and the artifacts within them are considered irretrievable and lost; many may have been destroyed by the new construction.

Egypt-Abydos-01

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

Egypt-Abydos-14

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple

Some of the hieroglyphs carved over an arch on the site have been interpreted in esoteric and “ufological” circles as depicting modern technology.  The carvings are often thought to be a helicopter, a battle tank or submarine, and a fighter plane (some interpret this as a UFO).  However, these conjectures are largely based in pseudo archaeology, but the reality is this initial carving was adjusted later to mean something different, but ended up with two images transposed over each other to result in the image below.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Abydos (Osiris) Temple – Look closely to see the markings for a helicopter and an airplane. While there are conspiracy theories on how this happened, the reality is that one pharaoh had markings done and the next pharaoh had them changed to say something else, but the two symbols carved over each other ended up making this coincidence.

The Dendera complex has long been one of the most tourist accessible ancient Egyptian places of worship. It used to be possible to visit virtually every part of the complex, from the crypts to the roof. However, the highest part of the roof of Hathor temple has been closed since 2003. The second stage of the roof was closed in November 2004, after a tourist unfortunately got too close to the edge and fell to her death on the bedrock below.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

The ceiling of the Hathor Temple has recently been cleaned in a careful way that removed hundreds of years of black soot without harming the ancient paint underneath. As a result of this cleaning, spectacular ceiling painting has been exposed in the main hall, and some of the most vibrant and colourful paintings dating from antiquity are now visible.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – in the top right you can see the black rubbish still on part of the ceiling.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-27

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-28

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-29

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-30

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-31

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-44

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

In contrast to the mainstream interpretation, there is a fringe hypothesis according to which the reliefs depict Ancient Egyptian electrical technology, based on comparison to similar modern devices (such as Geissler tubes, Crookes tubes, and arc lamps).  Proponents of this interpretation have also used a text referring to “high poles covered with copper plates“, but the copper covered tops of poles do not relate to electricity or lightning.  To date there is no evidence of anything used to manipulate electricity having been found in ancient Egypt.  For fun, our pic is below and below that is an image of the lighting apparatus in question.  They do look striking similar.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – The Dendera Light

Egypt-Dendara-79

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – The light mechanism that looks amazingly similar to the carving of the Dendera Light

 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Egypt-Dendara-55

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – down into the basement. This isn’t open for just anyone.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – the basement.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – the basement.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – the basement.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – the stairs to the library.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex – the stairs to the library.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Dendera (Hathor) Temple Complex

Next we are off to Cairo!

<><><><><><><><>

For more photos of our adventure go to our flickr account here.